Kyzyl authorities comment on the results of an experiment with smokeless fuel in Krasnoyarsk. It was carried out in February-March at the initiative of the regional environmental ministry with the participation of the city administration and SUEK-Krasnoyarsk. The task of the experimenters was to evaluate the ability of SUEK’s innovative product to reduce smoke emissions from private homes.
After the measurements, the environmental ministry documented a significant reduction in harmful substances in the air when using smokeless fuel. The content of benzo[a]pyrene decreased by 3.8-6 times, whereas other harmful substances were not recorded on certain days, since their concentration was below the detection level, or their emissions were many times lower.
As Igor Varfolomeev, Deputy Minister Of Ecology And Environmental Management of the region, said at the final briefing, the results of the Krasnoyarsk experiment were expected not only in the regional centre, but also in neighbouring cities where the issue of environmental pollution is also very relevant, such as Abakan, Irkutsk, Ulan-Ude and Kyzyl.
The deputy head of Kyzyl Municipal Service Department Saldys Ondar told the NIA-Krasnoyarsk that Kyzyl authorities, the Tuva Institute Of Comprehensive Development Of Natural Resources (Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy Of Sciences) and the local administration of Rospotrebnadzor also tested smokeless fuel. ‘Before buying smokeless fuel, we visited the Berezovsky open pit mine and looked around. We liked everything and therefore purchased 10 tonnes of fuel just to try,’ Saldys Ondar said.
A two-story residential building with stove heating in Kyzyl was chosen for the experiment (total area 80 square metres). The owner used half a bag of briquette fuel weighing 20 kg, the same as was distributed in Krasnoyarsk. Before testing, the house thermometer showed 17 degrees Celsius. In an hour, the temperature in the house rose to 20 degrees, and to 115 degrees in the heating system.
Kyzyl companies and institutions, which had their own boiler houses, also received fuel for testing. ‘The reviews are very good: it maintains the temperature, there is no smoke, and the environmental characteristics are good,’ Saldys Ondar stated.
Considering the Kyzyl experience, the Krasnoyarsk experiment, as well as the possibility of reducing transportation costs when delivering fuel over long distances, which today is one of the main factors hindering the progress, smokeless fuel could become one of the solutions to the air pollution problem not only in Kyzyl, but also in the entire Tyva Republic.